Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) panels, work by converting sunlight into electricity. Here’s how they work:

  1. Photons from the sun hit the solar panels and are absorbed by the solar cells.
  2. The solar cells convert the sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity.
  3. An inverter converts the DC electricity into alternating current (AC) electricity, which is the type of electricity used in homes and businesses.
  4. The AC electricity flows through the electrical panel and is used to power your home or business.
  5. Any excess electricity generated by the solar panels is sent back to the grid and credited to your account (depending on your local regulations).

Solar panels work best when they are placed in a location that receives direct sunlight, such as a roof or a south-facing wall. They are most effective in sunny areas with minimal shading and a high degree of annual sunshine.

Solar panels are designed to last for 25-30 years and require minimal maintenance. Periodic cleaning and inspections are recommended to ensure they are working at peak efficiency.